Acidification and other threats facing Indonesian coral reefs

The world’s oceans are steadily becoming more acidic due to increasing amounts of atmospheric CO2.

T. Holm/Azote

T. Holm/Azote

The world’s oceans are steadily becoming more acidic due to increasing amounts of atmospheric CO2. Ocean acidification in combination with global warming, declining water quality and overexploitation of key species is predicted to drive coral reefs increasingly toward the tipping point for functional collapse. This will involve cascading impacts on local livelihoods as well as the fishing and tourism industries, not least in i Indonesia, which has the largest area of threatened reefs in the world.